Dealing in a World of Reality: Autonomous Weapons Systems, Law, and Professional Ethics
My research topics include artificial intelligence (“AI”), autonomous weapons systems (“AWS”), international legal structures (including international humanitarian law, international criminal law, and international human rights law), domestic legal structures (such as employment law), and engineering ethics. AWS, a type of emerging AI technology, are weapons capable of operating autonomously, or without human intervention or oversight. These operations can include the autonomous identification, selection, and targeting of humans. Through my research, I am (1) tracing the development path of AWS from invention to commercialisation/deployment, (2) identifying the points (hereafter “decision nodes”) at which legal, professional ethical, and/or legal ethical issues are implicated along the way, and (3) evaluating the greater social and political context in which this developmental pathway exists (including the law and politics of technical expertise).