Current Doctoral Students

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Name Research
Haniehalsadat Aboutorabifard
In my research project, I focus on the sustainable development aspect of foreign direct investments to examine this central question: how investors-state dispute settlement tribunals (ICSID) could hold foreign investors environmentally responsible to foster sustainable development in host States.

Areas of Research: Investment Law, Environmental Law, Sustainable Development, Investor-State Dispute Settlement Tribunals, Transnational Legal Theory

Adewale Adekunle Adeyeye
This research raises a key question, "how did the landmark case of Amodu Tijani v. Secretary, Southern Nigeria impact indigenous land rights after its determination in 1921?" Thus, this research investigates selected conflicting judicial decisions on indigenous land rights in Canada and Nigeria.

Areas of Research: Property Law, Comparative International Legal History, African Legal History, Indigenous Land Rights, Public International Law

Ephraim Ajijola
Why should Canada encourage non-bank fintech adoption? Canada's banking system is rated as the strongest in the world, and authorities appear keen on preserving the status quo. Yet, things may not be as they seem, and the system may benefit from improved non-bank consumer facing fintech engagements

Areas of Research: Fintech, Banks, Financial Regulation, Financial Stability, Payments

Davi Almeida
Does a diverse body of judges produce diverse decisions? This question is vital for democracy and the analysis of the decisions of a group of minorities appointed judges in the Federal Justice of Canada will help to answer it.

Areas of Research: Constitutional Law, Socio-legal studies, Administrative Law, Law and Democracy, Legal Theory

Robert Balcom
The focus of my research is on the ever-changing corporate law and governance frameworks resulting from the treatment of corporate purpose and ESG and stakeholder capitalism movements.

Areas of Research: Corporate Governance, Corporate Purpose, Corporate Democracy, Environmental, Social and Governance, Stakeholder Theory

Odelia Bay

Areas of Research: Disability Legal Studies, Labour Law , Canadian Human Rights Law, Legal Research and Writing

Frances Carnerie
The Youth Criminal Justice Act aspires to protect the public by holding accountable youth who have committed offences, while promoting their rehabilitation; yet does not define "rehabilitation". This is a study of approaches to rehabilitation deployed in a Toronto youth mental health court.

Areas of Research: Youth Criminal Justice, Law and Justice, Child and Adolescent Psychology, Health Systems and Society

Carolyn Carter
How can public legal education and information (PLEI) help low-and-modest-income racialized Canadians gain meaningful access to civil justice? My dissertation examines the effectiveness of PLEI in helping racialized Canadians address their civil legal problems.

Areas of Research: Access to Civil Justice, Public Legal Education and Information, Advocacy, Race, Critical Race Theory

Madeline Davis
I am interested in analysing: (1) how Canada, the United Kingdom, France and the United States define and conceptualize cultural heritage within their domestic laws; and (2) how domestic regulatory regimes relating to cultural heritage affect repatriation claims.

Areas of Research: Law, Cultural Heritage, Cultural Property, Colonialism

Jay De Santi
How has British imperialism shaped contemporary common law extradition practices? Focusing on Canada, Ireland, and the UK, this dissertation examines the historical development of extradition and its contemporary practices, with special attention paid to human rights dimensions.

Areas of Research: Extradition Law, Criminal Law, International Law, Human Rights, Administrative Law

Jake Okechukwu Effoduh
This dissertation investigates the legitimization of AI in Anglophone Africa and its impact on human rights praxis. It examines the role of AI in addressing the legitimization crisis affecting human rights advancement, using evidence from Nigeria, Kenya, and South Africa (the African Triangle).

Areas of Research: Human Rights, Artificial Intelligence, International Law, TWAIL, Africa

Kenneth Grad
My dissertation studies the efficacy of the criminal sanction and other regulatory measures as tools for combating racist speech. My research question is: assuming that hate speech harms vulnerable groups and pollutes our discourse, what can history tell us about the law’s ability to combat it?

Areas of Research: Criminal law, Human rights, Legal history, Constitutional law, Anti-discrimination

Roojin Habibi

Areas of Research: Public Health Law, Human Rights, International Law, International Relations, Action Research

Shushanna Harris
Research Question: When we center the voices of Black women survivors of Intimate Partner Violence who are or were in relationships with Black men who abused them, what do we learn about their experiences and their encounters with the Criminal Law System? do alternative justice models emerge?

Areas of Research: Intimate Partner Violence, Intersectionality, Racism, Black feminism, Law

Malcolm Katrak
I seek to carry out case studies of independent unions (eg - ALU), established unions (eg- Teamsters), and unions that have formed coalitions with alt-labour movements (eg- Quebec's CSN's collaboration with the IWC-CTI), focusing specifically on their efforts in organizing Amazon warehouse workers

Areas of Research: Labour Law, Employment Law, Law and Technology, Law of Contracts

Jon Khan

Areas of Research: Human-centered design; empirical legal research; access to justice; judicial decision-making; empirical legal reform.

Josh Lamers

Areas of Research: Anti-Black Racism, Child Welfare/Family Law, Social Work, Black Studies, Activism/Organizing

Catherine Le Guerrier

Areas of Research: Contracts in the welfare state, Consumer protection, Adhesion contract, Private law and contract theory, Law and political economy

Luna Li
This shift towards “quantification” of the workforce and pervasive collection of workers' data create a complex legal terrain. This study aims to empower workers in Canada by investigating how the law can evolve and innovate in the sphere of data ownership and data property rights for workers.

Areas of Research: Employment and Labour Law, Artificial Intelligence, Data Property Rights, Algorithmic Management, Human Rights

María Corina Muskus Toro
My dissertation will foster a critical examination of the criminal law system in Venezuela through a feminist and restorative lens. I will offer the first feminist analysis of the criminal law system by shedding light on the experiences of women who have experienced sexual violence.

Areas of Research: Criminal law, Sexual Violence, Feminist Legal Theory, Gender Studies, Venezuela

Amir Hossein Nahidi
What is the legal character, scope and content of the right to freedom of thought and how can it be applied in the context of emerging technologies that violate the forum internum via various neuroscientific techniques?

Areas of Research: Public International Law, International Human Rights Law, Jurisprudence, Law and Technology, aw and Religion

Adaora Nwajiaku
The world gets smaller per minute with big impacts on people, particularly women. I'm researching Canada and Nigeria's bilateral engagements to understand their impact (if any) on women's rights in both spheres. I investigate the nature, attainments, problems, and prospects of these relations.

Areas of Research: Women's Rights, Human Rights, International Relations, International Law, African Feminism

Odunayo Olowookere
In the process of digitizing money, what legal frameworks and foundational principles that govern monetary affairs should be preserved or restructured? What are the potential implications of neglecting or overlooking these established legal frameworks/structures and principles?

Areas of Research: Monetary Law, Law and Technology, Institutional design, Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC), Monetary Sovereignty

Ona Oshen
How, and to what extent, has the emergence of AI been received and internalized in international law? This research seeks to explore how international law norms have evolved in response to AI. It also examines how, in reverse, the AI life cycle is impacted by international law.

Areas of Research: Artificial Intelligence, International Law, Human Rights, Responsible AI

Joanne Prince
i) Is civil forfeiture similar to other hybrid criminal /civil statutes that ask citizens to control crime? ii) How does the enforcement of civil forfeiture statutes impact vulnerable members of society? iii) Are these statutes effective?

Areas of Research: Property Rights, Criminal Law, Pre-Crime, Property Law

Steven Rita-Procter
As the saying goes, “apart from drugs, art is the biggest unregulated market in the world.” My research examines the historical and legal origins of the art market's unique and unprecedented culture of secrecy and opacity.

Areas of Research: Art markets, Financial market oversight and regulation, Intellectual property, Legal history, International criminal law

Zoe Savitsky
This dissertation examines how business corporations became "persons," how they gained the human power of speech or expression, and how, in the modern era, so much of their speech/expression is legally protected, even when it may be deceptive—and may be implicated in significant real-world harm.

Areas of Research: Corporate Law, Coporate Accountability, Comparative constitutionalism, Litigation, Free speech and expression

Alexandra Scott

Areas of Research: Law and Technology, Science and Technology Studies, Artificial Intelligence, International Law, Engineering Ethics

Clare Shrybman
My research examines human rights claims engaging socioeconomic aspects of the right to life and security of the person under section 7 of the Canadian Charter and the reasons that Canadian courts have given for declining to find a positive component to the right.

Areas of Research: Human Rights law, Constitutional Law, Poverty Law, Socio-economic rights

Sam Skinner
What does the exceptional status of the agriculture industry from criminal animal cruelty law enforcement reveal about both the purpose of criminal law and the legal conception of animals? My research empirically reviews case law to prove the exception, and critically discusses both areas of law.

Areas of Research: Criminal Law, Animal Law, Consitutional Law, Legal Personhood, Critical Legal Studies

Jagteshwar Singh Sohi
I research practices and performance of justice to understand whether it is equally available to all or if its enactments are precariously distributed by studying an environmental justice struggle of marginalized mining affected communities of Goa/India and their interactions with the law and state.

Areas of Research: South Asia, Law/Justice, Environmental Justice, Forest laws, Indigenous/Tribal

Deanne Sowter
I am currently studying gender-based violence, lawyers’ ethics in relation to myths and stereotypes in family law cases, and the implications for victims’ access to justice. My doctoral research considers whether the prevailing understanding of the lawyer’s role properly captures family law.

Areas of Research: Legal Ethics and Professionalism, Family Law, Dispute Resolution, Feminist Legal Theory, Gender-Based Violence

Amanda Turnbull
My doctoral research examines how law, language, and authority function in the “Algorithmic Turn” in society, wherein algorithms are becoming the main mediator through which power is effected.

Areas of Research: Law and Technology, Contract Law, Feminism and law, Philosophy of law, Cybersecurity

Pauline Vengeroff
This research examines the regulation of AI training data to mitigate algorithmic biases, emphasizing a reformed privacy approach, and exploring implications in health information and copyright laws. It advocates for a framework ensuring ethical and trustworthy AI through data governance.

Areas of Research: Privacy Law and Data Governance, Artificial Intelligence Regulation, Personal Health Information, Data Quality for AI systems, Algorithmic Discrimination

Simon Wallace

Areas of Research: Immigration law, Refugee law, Administrative law

Kerry Watkins
I am interested in the criminal justice implications of the gap between the Supreme Court of Canada's ambition that its statement law reflect social science knowledge of confessions and the limited degree to which this ambition has been realized, and I would like to know if this gap can be narrowed.

Areas of Research: Statement law, Confessions, Interrogation, Psychology of interrogation and confession

Vincent Wong
My dissertation uses the lens of racial capitalism to consider whether and to what extent the contemporary structuring of status-excluded labour in Canada echo (or are dissimilar) to the ways in which negatively racialized migrant labour has been structured in the past.

Areas of Research: Racial Capitalism, Immigration Law, Critical Race Theory, Labour Law, Legal History